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2014年全國高考新課標2英語試題及答案解析文本下載版


作者:蘇州進步網 來源:蘇州進步網(www.tt7979.com) 發布時間:2014-09-04 閱讀次數:




2014年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試新課標II卷
英  語
試卷分第I卷(選擇題)和第II卷(非選擇題)兩部分?荚嚱Y束后,將本試卷答案卡一并交回。
注意事項:來源進步網www.tt7979.com
    1.答第I卷前考生務必將自己的姓名、準考證號填寫在答題卡上。
    2.選出每小題答案前,用2B進步網鉛筆把答題卡上對應題目的答案標號涂黑。如需改動,用橡皮擦干凈后,再選涂其他答案標號框,不能答在本試卷上,否則無效。
第一部分 聽力(共兩節,滿分30分)
     做題時,先將答案標在試卷上。錄音內容結束后,你將有兩分鐘的時間將試卷上的答案轉涂到答題卡上。來源進步網www.tt7979.com
第一節(共5個小題:每小題1.5分,滿分7.5分)
     聽下面5段對話。每段對話后有一道小題,從每題所給的A B C三個選項中選出最佳選項,并標在試卷的相應位置。聽完每段對話后,你都有10秒鐘的時間來回答有關小題和閱讀下一小題。每段對話僅讀一遍。來源進步網www.tt7979.com
例:How much is the shirt?
    A. £19.15         B.£9.18    C. £9.15
答案是C
1.What does the woman want to do?
  A.Find a place         B.Buy a map      C.Get an address
2.What will the man do for the woman?
  A.Repair her car      B.Give her a ride      C.Pick up her aunt
3.Who might Mr.Peterson be? 來源進步網www.tt7979.com
  A.A new professor.         B.A departmet head.          C.A company director
4.What does the man think of the book?
  A.Quite difflcult         B.Very interesting         C.Too simple
5. What are the speakers talking about?
  A.Weather             B.Clothes            C.News
第二節(共15小題:每小題1.5分,滿分22.5分)            
聽下面5段對話或對白,每段對話或對白后有幾個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項,并標在試卷的相應位置,聽每段對話或獨白前,你將有時間閱讀各個小題。每小題5秒鐘;聽完后,各小題給出5秒鐘的作答時進步網間。每段對話或獨白讀兩遍。
聽第6斷材料,回答第6、7題。來源進步網www.tt7979.com
6.Why is Harry unwilling to join woman?
  A.He has a pain in his knee.
  B.He wants watch TV.
  C.He is too lazy. 來源進步網www.tt7979.com
7.What will the woman probably do next?
  A.stay at home             B.Take Harry to hospital.   C.Do some exercise
聽第7段材料,回答第8、9題
8.When will the man be home from work? 來源進步網www.tt7979.com
  A.At 5:45                     B.At 6:15             C.At 6:50
9.Where will the speakers go?
  A.The Green House Cinema
  B.The New State Cinema來源進步網www.tt7979.com
  C.The UME Cinema

聽第8段材料,回答第10至12題。
10.How will the speakers go to New York?
   A.By air            B.By Txi             C.By bus
11.Why are the speakers making the trip?
A.For businiss        B.For shopping       C.For holiday
12.What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
   A.Driver and passenger    B.Husband and wife     Fellow workers
聽第9段材料,回答第13至16題。來源進步網www.tt7979.com
13.where does this conversation probably take place?
   A.In a restaurant       B.In an office      C.In a classroom
14.What does John do now?
   A.He’s trainer.           B.He’s a t進步網our guide     C.He’s a college student
15.How much can a new person for the first year?
   A. $10,500          B. $12,000             C. $15,000
16.How many people will the woman hire?
   A.Four               B.Three                C. Two
聽第10段材料,回答第17至20題。來源進步網www.tt7979.com
17.How long has the speaker lived in a big city?
A.One year        B.Ten  years       C.Eighteen years.
18.What is the speaker’s opinion on public transport?
A.It’s comfortable       B.It’s time-saving       C.It’s cheap
19.Whay is good about living in a small town? 來源進步網www.tt7979.com
A.It’s safer          B.It’s healthier      C.It’s more convenient
20.What kind of life does the speakers seem to like most?
    A.Busy,          B.Colourful.      C.Quiet
第二部分 閱讀理解(共兩節,滿分40分)
第一節  (共15小題;每小題2分,滿分40分) 來源進步網www.tt7979.com
    閱讀下列短文,從每進步網題所給的四個選項(A、B、C和D)中,選出最佳選項。并在答題卡上將該選項涂黑.
A
  Arriving in Sydney on his own from India, my husband,  Rashid, stayed in a hotel for a short time while looking for a short time while looking for a house for me and our children.
  During the first week of his stay, he went out one day to do some shopping. He came back in the late afternoon to discover that his suitcase was gone. He was extremely worried as the suitcase had all his important papers, including his passport. 來源進步網www.tt7979.com
  He reported the case to the police and then sat there,lost and lonely in strange city, thinking of the terrible troubles of getting all the paperwork organized again from a distant country while trying to settle down in a new one.
   Late in the evening, the phone rang. It was a stranger. He was trying to pronounce my husband’s name and was asking him a lot of questions. Then he said they had found a pile of papers in their trash can(垃圾桶)that had been left out on the footpath.
   My husband rushed to their home to find a kind family holding all his papers and documents. Their young daughter had gone to the trash can and found a pile of unfamiliar papers. Her parents had carefully sorted them out, although they had found mainly foreign addresses on most of the documents. At last they had seen a half-written letter in the pile in which my husband had given his new telephone number to a friend.
That family not only restored the important documents to us that day but also restored our faith and trust in people. We still remember their kindness and often send a warm wish their way.
21. What did Rashid plan to do after his arrival in Sydney?
A. Go shopping進步網
B. Find a house來源進步網www.tt7979.com
C. Join his family
D. Take his family
22. The girl’s parents got Rashid’s phone number from_______.
A. a friend of his family
B. a Sydney policeman
C. a letter in his papers
D. a stranger in Sydney
23. What does the underlined word “restored” in the last paragraph mean?
A. Showed
B. Sent out
C. Delivered
D. Gave back
24. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
A. From India to Australia.
B. Living in a a New Country. 來源進步網www.tt7979.com
C. Turning Trash to Treasure.
D. In Search of New Friends.
B
Since the first Earth Day in 1970,American have gotten a lot “greener” toward the environment . “We didn’t know at that time there even was an environment, let alone that there was a problem with it,” says Bruce Anderson, president of Earth Day USA.
But what began as nothing important in publ進步網ic affairs has grown into a social movement .Business people, political leaders, university professors, and especially millions of grass-roots Americans are taking part in the movement. “The understanding has increased many ,many times,” says Gaylord Nelson, the former governor from Wisconsin, who thought up the first. According to US government reports , emissions (排放)from cars and trucks have dropped from 10.3 million tons a year to 5.5 tons .The number of cities producing CO beyond the standard has been reduced from 40 to 9 .Although serious problems still remain and need to be dealt with , the world is a safer and healthier place .A kind of “Green thinking ” has become part of practices . 來源進步網www.tt7979.com
Great improvement has been achieved .In 1988 there were only 600 recycling programs ,; today in 1995 there are about 6,600 .Advanced lights ,motors , and building designs have helped save a lot of energy and therefore prevented pollution .
   Twenty –five years ago , there were hardly any education programs for environment .Today , it’s hard to find a public school , university , or law school that does not have such a kind of program .” Until we do that , nothing else will change! ” say Bruce Anderson .
25 According to Anderson , before 1970, Americans had little idea about ___
A. the social movement
B. recycling techniques
C. environmental problem進步網s
D. the importance of Earth Day來源進步網www.tt7979.com
26 Where does the support for environmental protection mainly come from?
A. The grass –roots level
B. The business circle
C. Government officials
D. University professors
27. What have \Americans achieved in environmental protection ?
A. They have cut car emissions to the lowest
B. They have settled their environmental problems
C. They have lowered their CO levels in forty cities.
D. They have reduced pollution through effective measures .
28. What is especially important for environmental protection according to the last paragraph ?
A. Education
B. Planning
C. Green living
D. CO reduction來源進步網www.tt7979.com
C
  One of the latest trend(趨勢) in American Childcare is Chinese au pairs. Au Pair in Stamford, for example, has got increasing numbers of request for Chinese au pairs from aero to around 4,000 since 2004. And that’s true all across the country.
  “I thought it would be useful for him to learn Chinese at an early age” Joseph Stocke, the managing director of s company, says of his 2-year old son. “I would at least like to  give him the chance to use the language in the future,” After only six months of being cared by 25-year-old woman from China, the boy can already understand basic Chinese daily expressions, his dad says.
  Li Drake, a Chinese native raising two children in Minnesota with an American husband, had another reason for looking for an au pair from China. She didn’t want her children to miss out on their roots.” Because I am Chinese, my husband and I進步網wanted the children to keep exposed to(接觸) the language and culture.” she says.
  “Staying with a native speaker is better for children than simply sitting in a classroom,” says Suzanne Flynn, a professor in language education of Children.” But parents must understand that just one year with au pair is unlikely to produce wonders.  Complete mastery demands continued learning until the age of 10 or 12.”
  The popularity if au pairs from china has been strengthened by the increasing numbers of American parents who want their children who want their children to learn Chinese. It is expected that American demand for au pairs will continue to rise in the next few years.
29.What does that term” au pair” in the text mean?
  A. A mother raising her children on her own
  B. A child learning a foreign language at home來源進步網www.tt7979.com
  C. A professor in language education of children
  D. A young foreign woman taking care of children.
30. Li Drake has her children study Chinese because she wants them ______.
  A. to live in China some day
  B. to speak the language at home
  C. to catch up wit other children來源進步網www.tt7979.com
  D. to learn about the Chinese culture
31. What can we infer from the text?
  A. Learning Chinese is becoming popular In America,
  B. Educated woman do better in looking after children
  C. Chinese au pairs need to improve their English Skills.
  D. Children can learn a foreign language well in six months.
D
Metro Pocket Guide
Metrorail(地鐵)
Each passenger needs a farecard to enter and go out. Up to two children under ago five may travel free with a paying customer.
Farecard machine are in every station, Bring small bills because there are no change machines in the station and farecard machine only provide up to $ 5 in change. 來源進步網www.tt7979.com
Get one of unlimited Metrorail rides with a One Day Pass. Buy it from a farecard machine in Metro stations. Use it after 9:30 a.m. until closing on weekdays, and all day on weekends and holidays.
Hours of Service
   Open: 5 a.m Mon-Fri           7a.m. Sat—Sun .
   Close midnight Sun—Thur.     
   Last train time vary. To avoid missing the last train, please check the last train time posted in the station.
Metrobus
  When paying with exact change, the fare is $ 1.35 . when paying with a smatTrip CARD the fare is $1.25進步網
Fares for the Senior /disabled customers來源進步網www.tt7979.com
Senior citizens 65 and older and disabled customers may ride for half the regular fare. On Metrorail and Metrobus, use a senior/disabled farecard or SmarTrip card. For more information about buying senior/disabled farecards, farecard or SmarTripR card and passes, please visit MetroOpenDoors.com or call 202-637-7000 and 202-637-8000.
Senior citizens and disabled customers can get free guide on how to use proper Metrobus and Metrorail services by calling 202-962-1100
Travel tips
  . avoid riding during weekday rush periods –before 9:30 a.m. and between 4 and 6 p.m.
  . if you lose something on a bus or train or in a station, please call Lost & Found at 202-962-1195.
32. what should you know about farecard machine?
   A. They start selling tickets at 9:30 a.m.
   B. They are connected to change machines.
   C. They offer special service to the elderly. 來源進步網www.tt7979.com
   D. They make change for no more than $5.
33. At what time does Metrorail stop service on Saturday?
   A. At midnight   B. at 3 a.m.  C. at 5 am   D. at 7 p.m.
34. What is good about a SmarTrip card? 來源進步網www.tt7979.com
A. It is convenient for old people    B. It saves money for its users
C. it can be bought at any time      D. it is sold on the Internet.
35. Which number should you call if you lose something on the Metro?
A. 202-962-1195                 B.202-962-1100
C.202-673-7000                  D.202-673-8000
第二節(共5小題;每小題2分,滿分10分)
根據短文內容,從短文后的選項中選出能填入空進步網白處的最佳選項。選項中有兩項為多余選項。
          Tips for cooking on a Tight Schedule
From my experience, there are three main reasons why people don’t cook more often: ability, money and time, ____36__Money is a topic I’ll save for another day. So today I want to give you some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spend in the kitchen. Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule: 來源進步網www.tt7979.com
1. Think ahead. The moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I’m already hungry and there is nothing ready to eat. So think about of the coming week. When will you have time to cook? Do you have the right materials ready?_____37___
2. Make your time worth it. When you do find time to cook a meal, make the most of it and save yourself time later on. Are you making one loaf of bread? ___38___ it takes around the same amount of time to make more of something. So save yourself the effort for a future meal.
3. ¬¬¬____39¬¬¬____ This may surprise you, but one of the best tools for making cooking worth your time is experimentation. It gives you the chance to hit upon new ideas and recipes that can work well with your appetite and schedule. The more you learn and the more you try, the more ability you have to take control of your food and your schedule.
Hopefully that gives you a good start. ____40___ and don’t let a busy schedule discourage you from making some great changes in the way you eat and live!

A. Try new things.
B. Ability is easily improved.
C. Make three or four instead. 來源進步網www.tt7979.com
D. Understand your food better.
E. Cooking is a burden for many people.
F. Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden.
G. A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on.
第三部分  英語知識運用(共兩節,滿分45分)
第一節 完形填空(共20小題;每題1.5分,滿分30分)
    閱讀下面短文,從短文后各題所給的四個選項(A, B, C和D)中,選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項,并在答題卡上將該項涂黑。
Joe Simpson and Simon Yates were the first people to climb the West Face of the Siula Grande in the Andes mountains. They reached the top __41_____, but on their way back conditions were very _42______. Joe fell and broke his leg. They both knew that if Simon __43_____ alone, he would probably get back _44______. But Simon decided to risk his __45_____ and try to lower Joe down the mountain on a rope(繩). 來源進步網www.tt7979.com
As they __46_____ down, the weather got worse. Then another ___47____ occurred. They couldn’t see or hear each other and, ___48____, Simon lowered his friend over the edge of a precipice(峭壁). It was ___49____ for Joe to climb back or for Simon to pull him up. Joe’s _50_____ was pulling Simon slowly towards the precipice. ___51____, after more than an hour in the dark and the icy cold, Simon had to __52_____. In tears, he cut the rope. Joe __53_____ into a large crevasse(裂縫)in the ice below. He had no food or water and he was in terrible pain. He couldn’t walk, but he __54_____ to get out of the crevasse and started to ___55____ towards their camp, nearly ten kilometers __56_____.
Simon had ___57____ the camp at the foot of the mountain. He thought that Joe must be __58_____, but he didn’t want to leave ___59____. Three days later, in the middle of the night, he heard Joe’s voice. He couldn’t ___60____ it. Joe was there, a few meters from their tent, still alive.
41.A. hurriedly         B. carefully     .C. successfully     D. early
42. A. difficult         B. similar       C. special         D. normal
43. A. climbed         B. worked       C. rested    . 進步網     D. continued
44. A. unwillingly      B. safely        C. slowly         D. regretfully
45. A. fortune          B. time         C. health         D. life
46. A. lay             B. settled        C. went          D. looked
47. A. damage         B. storm         C. change        D. trouble來源進步網www.tt7979.com
48. A. by mistake       B. by chance     C. by chance      D. by luck
49. A. unnecessary      B. practical      C. important      D. impossible
50. A. height           B. weight       C. strength       .D. equipment
51. A. Finally          B. Patiently     .C. Surely         D. Quickly
52. A. stand back       B. take a rest     C. make a decision .D. hold on
53. A. jumped         B. fell          C. escaped        D. backed
54. A. managed        B. planned      C. waited         D. hoped
55. A. run            B. skate         C. move          D. march
56. A. around          B. away        C. above          D. along
57. A. headed for      B. travelled      C. left for          D. returned to
58. A. dead           B. hurt         C. weak            D. late
59. A. secretly        B. tiredly       .C. immediately      D. anxiously
60. A. find           B. believe       C. make            D. accept
.第Ⅱ卷
第三部分 英語知識運用來源進步網www.tt7979.com
第二節 (共10分;每小題1.5分,滿分15分)
閱讀下面材料,在空白處填入適當的內容(不多于3個單詞)或括號內單詞的正確形式。
   One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop, worried about __61___ (be) late for school.
There were many people waiting at the bus stop, ___62____ some of them looked very anxious and ___63__
(disappoint) . when the bus finally came, we all hurried on board. I got a place next ____64___ the window, so I had a good view of the sidewalk. A boy on a bike ____65___ (catch ) my attention. He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms. I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver, but he refused ____66___
(stop) until we reached the next stop. Still, the boy kept ____67___(ride). He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting. Finally, when we came to the next stop, the boy ran up the door of the bus. I heard an excited conversation. Then the driver stood up and asked,“____68___ anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?” A woman on the bus shouted, “Oh, dear! It ‘s ____69___ (I )”. She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully, Five others on the bus began talking about what the boy had done and the crowd of strangers   ___70__(sudden) became friendly to one another. 來源進步網www.tt7979.com

第四部分:寫作(共兩節,滿分35分)
    第一節短文改錯(共10小題;每小題1分,滿分10分)
    假定英語課上老師要求同桌之間交換修改作文,請你修改你同桌寫的以下作文。文中共
有10處錯誤,每句中最多有兩處。錯誤涉及一個單詞的增加、刪除或修改。
    增加:在缺詞處加一個漏字符號(Λ),并在其下面寫出該加的詞。
    刪除:把多余的詞用斜線(\)劃掉。進步網來源進步網www.tt7979.com
    修改:在錯的詞下劃一橫線,并在該詞下面寫出修改后的詞。
注意:
    1.每處錯誤及其修改均僅限一詞;
    2.只允許修改10處,多者(從第11處起)不計分。
My dream school starts at 8:30 a.m and ends at 3:30 p.m. They are three  lesson in the morning and two in the afternoon. We didn’t need to do so many homework. Therefore , we have more time with after-school activities. For example, we can do reading for one and a half hour and play sport for one hour every day.
My dream school look like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the classroom, buildings. We can lie on the grass for a rest, sat by the lake listening music. The teachers here are kind and helpfully. They are not only our teachers but also our friends.
第二節 書面表達  (25分)
一家英語報社向中學生征文,主題是“十年后的我”、請根據下列要求和你的想象完成短文、
1、 家庭
2、 工作來源進步網www.tt7979.com
3、 業余生活
注意:1、次數100左右;2、可以適當增加細節,以使行文連貫;3. 開頭語已為你寫好
¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬     I often imagine what my life will be like in the future.
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2014年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試新課標II卷
英  語
參考答案
第一部分
1-5ABCBA      6-10 BCACA    11-15ACBCA   16-20CBCAB
第二部分
21—25 BCDCC    26—300 ADADD   31—35 ADBBA   36—40 BGCAF
第三部分
41—45 CADBD  46—50 CDADB  51—55 ACBAC   56—60 BDACB
61. being  62. and   63. disappointed  64. to   65. caught  66. to stop  67. riding
68.did    69. me/mine   70. suddenly來源進步網www.tt7979.com
第四部分

My dream school starts at 8:30 a.m. and ends at 3:30 p.m. They are three lesson
                                              There
in the morning and two in the afternoon. We didn’t need to do so many homework.
                                     don’t             much
Therefore , we have more time with after-school activities. For example,   we can do reading
                          for
for one and a half hour and play sport for one hour every day.
                hours
My dream school look like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers進步網
              looks
and trees around the classroom, buildings. We can lie on the grass for a rest, sat by the
                                                             sit
lake listening∧ music. The teachers here are kind and helpfully. They are not only our
           to                                 helpful
teachers but also our friends. 來源進步網www.tt7979.com

one Possible Version
    I often imagine what my life will be like in the future. I think my life will be very different in ten years. I will be twenty-eight years old by then. I will have my own family. Probably with a lovely child. I hope I will work in a computer company as a program designer. I will enjoy my work and get along well with my colleagues, I will do a good job in whatever I do. In my free time, I will continue to take regular exercise, such as swimming, running and various ball games. On my holidays, I will travel around the world. In a word, my life will be much richer and more colorful.

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